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The Urban American Indian Collective- FIND YOUR TRIBE!

Archaeologists in Mexico identify first Mayan slave ship

Not much is mentioned about the Trans American Slave Trade which subsequently stripped black indigenous (aborigines) Americans of their humanity and robbed them of their historical memory of ties to this land as home. However, new discovery could change all that!

Image from Bonampak mural, of high status man being painted red

Look at how the Maya (misnamed Mayan) depicted themselves as early as 7A.D.

"Ship had been used to take Mayas captured during an 1847-1901 rebellion to work in sugarcane fields in Cuba

Archaeologists in Mexico have identified a ship that carried Mayan people into virtual slavery in the 1850s, the first time such a ship has been found.

The wreck of the Cuban-based paddle-wheel steamboat was found in 2017, but wasn’t identified until researchers from the National Institute of Anthropology and History checked contemporary documents and found it was the ship “La Unión”.

The ship had been used to take Mayas captured during and 1847-1901 rebellion known as “The War of the Castes” to work in sugarcane fields in Cuba.

Slavery was illegal in Mexico at the time, but operators of similar ships had reportedly deceived Mayas left landless by the conflict to “sign on” as contract workers, often in Cuba, though they were treated like slaves.

The La Unión was on a trip to Havana in September 1861 when its boilers exploded and it sank off the once-important Yucatan port of Sisal

. The institute said the identification was based on the physical remains of the wooden-hulled side-wheeler, whose timbers bore signs of fire and whose boilers had exploded. The location of the wreck also coincides with contemporary accounts of the accident, which killed half of the 80 crew members and 60 passengers aboard. In October 1860, the La Unión had been caught in neighboring Campeche state taking aboard 29 Mayas, including children as young as seven. That trip was apparently prevented, but clearly that didn’t keep the ship from continuing its journeys, which also involved taking sisal fiber and paying passengers to Cuba. It was unclear if there were any Maya aboard on the ship’s last voyage; the records are unclear because the Mayas would probably have been listed as cargo, not as passengers, or the ship may have tried to conceal their presence. Archaeologist Helena Barba Meinecke noted that captured Mayan combatants were frequently sent to Cuba, from where many never returned. “Each slave was sold to a middleman for 25 pesos, and they resold them in Havana for as much as 160 pesos, for men, and 120 pesos for women,” she said. Sisal and henequen were fibers used in making rope, and were usually harvested by Mayas working in serf-like conditions on large plantations. The Maya launched one of North America’s last Indigenous revolts in the lower Yucatan Peninsula in 1847, fighting against domination by white and mixed-race Mexicans who exploited them. The Mexican government fought the bloody rebellion with brutal repression, but couldn’t wipe out the last resistance until 1901. The ship was found about 2 miles (3.7km) off the port of Sisal in about 22ft (7m) of water, after a local fisherman led archaeologists to the wreck. A few wrecked African slave ships have been found in waters in the United States and elsewhere, but no Maya slaving ship had been identified. America faces an epic choice ... ... in the coming months, and the results will define the country for a generation. These are perilous times. Over the last three years, much of what the Guardian holds dear has been threatened – democracy, civility, truth. The country is at a crossroads. Science is in a battle with conjecture and instinct to determine policy in the middle of a pandemic. At the same time, the US is reckoning with centuries of racial injustice – as the White House stokes division along racial lines. At a time like this, an independent news organization that fights for truth and holds power to account is not just optional. It is essential. Like many news organizations, the Guardian has been significantly impacted by the pandemic. We rely to an ever greater extent on our readers, both for the moral force to continue doing journalism at a time like this and for the financial strength to facilitate that reporting.We believe every one of us deserves equal access to fact-based news and analysis.

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